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July 30, 2015

Nineteenth century non-avian dinosaur discoveries

Filed under: nature,science — ckrao @ 11:05 am

Below is an attempted chronological list of non-avian dinosaur discoveries of the 19th century that today are considered valid genera. There may still be some where there are only scant remains of the fossil (e.g. a tooth or single bone remain). The list came from [1] with some help from [2] and Wikipedia to filter out doubtful names. Many of the best known dinosaurs are listed here and it looks like most of the major groups are covered. Good histories of dinosaur paleontology are in [3] and [4].

 

Genus Discoverer Year Dinosaur type
Megalosaurus Buckland 1824 tetanuran (stiff-tailed) theropod
Iguanodon Mantell 1825 beaked ornithopod
Streptospondylus von Meyer 1830 megalosaurid
Hylaeosaurus Mantell 1833 armoured
Thecodontosaurus Riley & Stutchbury 1836 prosauropod
Plateosaurus von Meyer 1837 prosauropod
Poekilopleuron Eudes-Deslongchamps 1838 megalosaurid
Cardiodon Owen 1841 sauropod
Cetiosaurus Owen 1841 sauropod
Pelorosaurus Mantell 1850 brachiosaur
Aepisaurus Gervais 1852 sauropod
Oplosaurus Gervais 1852 sauropod
Massospondylus Owen 1854 prosauropod
Nuthetes Owen 1854 maniraptoran
Troodon Leidy 1856 raptor
Stenopelix von Meyer 1857 pachycephalosaur
Astrodon Johnston 1858 sauropod
Hadrosaurus Leidy 1858 duckbilled ornithopod
Compsognathus J. A. Wagner 1859 coelurosaur (fuzzy theropod)
Scelidosaurus Owen 1859 armoured
Echinodon Owen 1861 heterodontosaurid (early bird-hipped dinosaur)
Polacanthus Owen vide [Anonymous] 1865 armoured
Calamospondylus Fox 1866 oviraptorosaur
Euskelosaurus Huxley 1866 prosauropod
Acanthopholis Huxley 1867 armoured
Hypselosaurus Matheron 1869 sauropod
Hypsilophodon Huxley 1869 beaked ornithopod
Rhabdodon Matheron 1869 beaked ornithopod
Ornithopsis Seeley 1870 sauropod
Struthiosaurus Bunzel 1870 armoured
Craterosaurus Seeley 1874 stegosaurian
Chondrosteosaurus Owen 1876 sauropod
Macrurosaurus Seeley 1876 sauropod
Allosaurus Marsh 1877 carnosaur
Apatosaurus Marsh 1877 sauropod
Camarasaurus Cope 1877 sauropod
Dryptosaurus Marsh 1877 tyrannosaur
Dystrophaeus Cope 1877 sauropod
Nanosaurus Marsh 1877 early bird-hipped dinosaur
Stegosaurus Marsh 1877 plated dinosaur
Diplodocus Marsh 1878 sauropod
Brontosaurus Marsh 1879 sauropod
Anoplosaurus Seeley 1879 armoured
Coelurus Marsh 1879 coelurosaur (fuzzy theropod)
Mochlodon Seeley 1881 beaked ornithopod
Craspedodon Dollo 1883 horned dinosaur
Ceratosaurus Marsh 1884 theropod
Anchisaurus Marsh 1885 prosauropod
Camptosaurus Marsh 1885 beaked ornithopod
Aristosuchus Seeley 1887 coelurosaur (fuzzy theropod)
Ornithodesmus Seeley 1887 raptor
Cumnoria Seeley 1888 beaked ornithopod
Priconodon Marsh 1888 armoured
Coelophysis Cope 1889 early theropod
Nodosaurus Marsh 1889 armoured
Triceratops Marsh 1889 horned dinosaur
Barosaurus Marsh 1890 sauropod
Claosaurus Marsh 1890 duckbilled ornithopod
Ornithomimus Marsh 1890 ostrich dinosaur
Ammosaurus Marsh 1891 prosauropod
Torosaurus Marsh 1891 horned dinosaur
Argyrosaurus Lydekker 1893 sauropod
Sarcolestes Lydekker 1893 armoured
Dryosaurus Marsh 1894 beaked ornithopod

References

[1] Dinosaur Genera List – http://www.polychora.com/dinolist.html

[2] Genus List for Holtz (2007) Dinosaurshttp://www.geol.umd.edu/~tholtz/dinoappendix/HoltzappendixWinter2011.pdf

[3] Benton, M. J. 2000. A brief history of dinosaur paleontology. Pp. 10-44, in Paul, G. S. (ed.), The Scientific American book of dinosaurs. St Martin’s Press, New York. – http://palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk/Essays/dinohist.html

[4] Equatorial Minnesota The generic history of dinosaur paleontology 1699 to 1869 – http://equatorialminnesota.blogspot.com.au/2014/06/the-generic-history-of-dinosaur.html

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