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February 23, 2014

Australian marsupial genera

Filed under: nature — ckrao @ 2:09 am

Native Australian mammals (those that predate human times) include monotremes (platypus and echidna), marsupials, bats, rodents (all mouse-like) and sea mammals (seals, whales and dolphins, dugongs). The marsupials of Australia extend far beyond the kangaroo/possum/koala/wombat (diprotodont) variety to the marsupial moles, carnivorous marsupials such as quolls, dunnarts, numbat and Tasmanian devil, and the omnivorous bandicoots and bilbies. (The remaining marsupial orders are confined to the Americas and comprise of the opossums, shrew opossums and Monito del Monte.) Here is a list of extant marsupial genera from those orders that are native to Australia, made simply to learn more about their diversity.

Order Suborder/Family Subfamily/Tribe Genus Genus meaning # Australian species # world species notes
Notoryctemorphia (Marsupial moles) Notoryctidae Notoryctes southern digger 2 2 marsupial moles
Dasyuromorphia   (marsupial carnivores) Dasyuridae Dasyurinae – Dasyurini Dasycercus hairy tail 2 2 mulgaras
Dasykaluta hairy kaluta 1 1 little red kaluta
Dasyuroides resembling Dasyurus 1 1 Kowari
Dasyurus hairy tail 4 6 quolls
Myoictis mouse weasel 0 4 dasyures – New Guinea
Neophascogale new Phascogale 0 1 Speckled dasyure  – New   Guinea
Parantechinus near Antechinus 1 1 Dibbler
Phascolosorex pouched shrew 0 2 Marsupial shrews – New Guinea
Pseudantechinus false Antechinus 6 6 False antechinuses
Sarcophilus flesh lover 1 1 Tasmanian devil
Dasyurinae –   Phascogalini Antechinus hedgehog equivalent 10 10
Micromurexia small Murexia 0 1 Habbema dasyure – rocky areas of New Guinea
Murexechinus hedgehog mouse 0 1 Black-tailed dasyure – tropical dry forests of New Guinea
Murexia marsupial mouse (significance unknown) 0 1 Short-furred dasyure – New Guinea
Paramurexia near Murexia 0 1 Broad-striped dasyure – South east Papua New Guinea
Phascomurexia pouched Murexia 0 1 Long-nosed dasyure – tropical dry forests of New Guinea
Phascogale pouched weasel 2 2
Sminthopsinae –   Sminthopsini Antechinomys antechinus-mouse 1 1 Kultarr
Ningaui Aboriginal mythical creature 3 3
Sminthopsis mouse appearance 21 21 dunnarts
Sminthopsinae – Planigalini Planigale flat weasel 4 5
Myrmecobiidae Myrmecobius ant-living 1 1 numbat
Peramelemorphia   (Bilbies and bandicoots) Peramelidae Echymiperinae Echymipera pouched hedgehog 1 1 long-nosed spiny bandicoot
Microperoryctes small Peroryctes 0 5 striped bandicoots – New Guinea
Rhynchomeles beaked badger 0 1 Seram bandicoot – existence only recorded in 1920
Peramelinae Isoodon equal tooth 3 3 short-nosed bandicoots
Perameles pouched badger 3 3 long-nosed bandicoots
Peroryctidae Peroryctes pouched digger 0 2 New Guinean long-nosed bandicoots
Thylacomyidae Macrotis big-ear 1 1 bilby
Diprotodontia   (“two front teeth” – kangaroos and relatives) Vombatiformes – Phascolarctidae Phascolarctos pouched bear 1 1 koala
Vombatiformes –   Vombatidae Vombatus wombat 1 1
Lasiorhinus hairy-nose 2 2
Phalangeriformes   (possums and gliders) – Phalangeridae Ailurops cat-like 0 2 bear cuscuses – NE Indonesia inc Sulawesi
Phalanger notable digits 1 13 cuscus
Spilocuscus spotted cuscus 1 5
Strigocuscus thin cuscus 0 2
Trichosurus hairy tail 5 5 bushtail possums
Wyulda brush-tail possum (mistakenly assigned) 1 1 scaly-tailed possum
Phalangeriformes –   Burramyidae (pygmy possums) Burramys stony-place mouse 1 1 Mountain Pygmy Possum
Cercartetus possibly tail-in-air 4 4
Phalangeriformes – Tarsipedidae Tarsipes tarsier-foot 1 1 Honey possum
Phalangeriformes –   Petauridae Dactylopsila naked finger 1 4 striped possums
Gymnobelideus naked Belideus 1 1 Leadbeater’s possum
Petaurus rope dancer 4 6 gliders
Phalangeriformes –   Pseudocheiridae (ringtailed possums and relatives) Hemibelideus half Belideus (fluffy-tailed glider) 1 1 Lemur-like ringtail possum
Petauroides Petaurus-like 1 1 Greater Glider
Petropseudes rock-Pseudocheirus 1 1 Rock-haunting ringtail possum
Pseudocheirus false hand 2 1 Common ringtail possum
Pseudochirops Pseudocheirus-like 1 5
Pseudochirulus little Pseudocheirus 2 8
Phalangeriformes –   Acrobatidae Acrobates acrobat 1 1 Feathertail glider
Distoechurus tail in two rows 0 1 Feather-tailed possum – New Guinea
Macropodiformes –   Macropodidae Lagostrophus turning hare 1 1 Banded hare-wallaby
Dendrolagus tree hare 2 13 tree-kangaroos
Lagorchestes dancing hare 2 2
Macropus long foot 13 13 kangaroos and wallaroos
Onychogalea nailed weasel 2 2 nail-tail wallabies
Petrogale rock weasel 16 16 rock-wallabies
Setonix bristle-claw 1 1 Quokka
Thylogale pouched weasel 3 7 pademelons
Wallabia wallaby 1 1 Swamp wallaby
Macropodiformes –   Potoroidae Aepyprymnus high rump 1 1 Rufous rat-kangaroo
Bettongia bettong 4 4
Potorous potoroo (Aboriginal) 3 3
Macropodiformes – Hypsiprymnodontidae Hypsiprymnodon high rump tooth 1 1 Musky rat-kangaroo
Totals 151 224

Reference

Dictionary of Australian and New Guinean Mammals, edited by Ronald Strahan & Pamela Conder, CSIRO Publishing, 2007.

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