Chaitanya's Random Pages

August 31, 2013

UNESCO World Heritage sites with both natural and cultural significance

Filed under: geography — ckrao @ 11:29 am

As of now there are 981 places on the UNESCO World Heritage list, of which 759 have cultural value, 193 are significant natural landmarks and 29 are both. Here are the 29 with mixed properties listed with a brief description, I feel I should have learned more about them long ago. Most of the information is from the UNESCO site (maps found there too) and Wikipedia.

Country  Name Significance
 Algeria Tassili n’Ajjer  geological formations and more than 15,000 drawings dating back to 6000BC
 Australia Kakadu National Park  a third of Australia’s bird species and a quarter of its freshwater fish species here, rock paintings date back 20,000 years, evidence of settlement for 40,000
Willandra Lakes Region  oldest known human cremation site (26,000 years old), evidence of settlement 45-60,000 years ago, clay dune formations
Tasmanian Wilderness  one of world’s last expanses of temperate rainforest, 37 Aboriginal cave sites dating back up to 30,000 years
Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park  sandstone monolith and conglomerate rock domes, symbolic of Aboriginal spiritual connection to the land
 China Mount Taishan  a traditional scenic place of worship with its geological birth over 3 billion years ago
Mount Huangshan  granite peaks often emerging from clouds, inspiring source of art and literature
Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area  largest Buddha statue in the world (71m high),3200 plant species including 100 endemic
Mount Wuyi  largest and most representative forest encompassing the diversity of the Chinese Subtropical Forest and the South Chinese Rainforest, cradle of Neo-Confucianism
 France/Spain Pyrénées – Mont Perdu  display of deep canyons and spectacular cirque walls, illustrates traditional mountain way of life now rare in Europe
 Gabon Ecosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda  last remnants of grass savannas created in central Africa created during last Ice Age, home to many endangered land mammals, migration route for very early human settlement
 Greece Meteora  six monasteries on sandstone rock pillars up to 400m above the valley below
Mount Athos  Orthodox spiritual centre with 20 monasteries and school of painting, well preserved Mediterranean forest
 Guatemala Tikal National Park  major centre of Mayan civilisation from 6th to 10th century, rainforest includes over 300 bird species
 Jordan Wadi Rum Protected Area  25,000 petroglyphs dating back 12,000 years, large diversity of desert landforms
 Lesotho/South Africa Maloti-Drakensberg Park  more than 250 endemic plant species, vast gallery of rock paintings by the San people over a period of 4000 years, a refuge for many threatened large mammals
 Mali Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons)  150km long sandstone cliff up to 500m high, some of impressive architecture dates back to 14th century
 New Zealand Tongariro National Park  volcanic summits in central North Island sacred to Maoris
 Palau Rock Islands Southern Lagoon  mushroom-shaped limestone islands, highest concentration of marine lakes in the world, human remains date back over 3000 years
 Peru Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu  symbolic of Inca Empire at its height, mountainous scenery
Río Abiseo National Park  outstanding example of early human occupation at high altitudes in the Andean region with over 30 sites found, much undisturbed landscape
 Spain Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture  well-preserved seagrass, evidence of Phoenician settlements
 Sweden Laponian Area  world’s largest unmodified nature area to be still cultured by natives (Sami people), variety of natural glacial phenomena, large population of brown bear and alpine flora
 Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area  world’s largest inactive, intact, and unfilled volcanic caldera, evidence of hominid evolution dating back 4 million years, part of large mammal migration route, high density of lions
 the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region  one of most ancient European settlements, early manuscripts of Slavonic literature, more than 200 endemic species in lake
 Turkey Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia  mountain ridges, valleys and pinnacles known as “fairy chimneys”, large cave dwelling complexes, settled in Roman times
Hierapolis-Pamukkale  Greco-Roman ruins, visually appealing landforms and pools of mineralised water from hot springs
 United Kingdom St Kilda  Scottish archipelago with architectural features from historic and prehistoric times, breeding ground for many seabird species including gannets and puffins
 USA Papahānaumokuākea  spiritually significant to Hawaiians, supporting 7000 marine species, a quarter endemic

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